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Results for the first nine months of 2010

BBVA reports net profit of €3.67 billion with market share gains in all franchises


  • Recurrence of earnings: gross income for the first nine months grew 3.8% to ¤16 billion as emerging economies now account for 47%
  • Risk management: the Group’s NPA ratio improved (down to 4.1%) and the coverage ratio increased to 62%
  • Reinforced provisions: BBVA applied the ¤233-million capital gain from the sale and lease-back operation pertaining to Spanish branches, reinforcing generic provisions
  • Capital: the Bank organically generated an additional 10 basis points in the third quarter, lifting core capital to 8.2%
  • Net attributable profit: all business areas contributed significantly. Spain & Portugal (¤1.69 billion), Mexico (¤1.25 billion), South America (¤699M), USA (¤220M) and WB&AM (¤730M)

BBVA ended the first nine months of the year with net attributable profit of ¤3.67 billion (down 12.2%). All of its franchises improved their market share despite a macroeconomic and financial environment that remains complex. The Group's earnings reflect four fundamental characteristics: recurrence and solidity of revenues thanks to a business model centered on customer relations, an improvement in risk indicators, the capacity to generate capital organically and the enhanced structure of the balance sheet.

The Group’s ability to generate recurrent revenues can be observed by the positive evolution of the key revenue and operating profit lines of its income statement. During the first nine months, net interest income was ¤10.18 billion, which was similar to the same period last year. This not only confirms BBVA’s resiliency within a complex economic environment but also demonstrates its sound asset portfolio and finance structure management. Furthermore, cumulative fee income from banking services and fund management grew 4.1% to ¤3.4 billion.

The Group’s gross income for the first nine months was ¤15.96 billion, an increase of 3.8% compared to the same period in 2009. In addition to the positive performance, gross income also reflects an attractive mix: 47% derived from emerging economies (all with positive outlooks) and 53% from developed economies.

Year-to-date, BBVA’s operating costs rose 8.8% to ¤6.64 billion. This was due to various factors including substantial investments in IT systems, increasing and upgrading ATMs, and growth plans across almost every market where it operates.


The Group’s cost/income ratio (a measure of efficiency) ended September at 41.6%, maintaining its position as an industry benchmark.

As a result, cumulative operating income, management’s fundamental measure, was ¤9.32 billion (up 0.5%), again demonstrating BBVA’s ability to generate solid and stable earnings within an environment that remains extremely complicated.

Improved risk quality

The second key component of the Group’s results for the first nine months was the strength of management's credit quality indicators. The first of these is the improvement in risk quality - additions to non-performing assets (NPAs) and recoveries - which indicates that the outstanding balance of NPAs is stabilizing. In addition, the NPA ratio (4.1%, compared to 4.3% at the beginning of the year) experienced an improvement while the coverage ratio grew five percentage points to 62% in the same period.

Impairment losses on financial assets for the first nine months of 2010 were ¤3.6 billion (down 2.2%). During the third quarter, there were two extraordinary items. The first was a specific provision of ¤198M in connection with the Bank of Spain’s circular (3/2010), which went into effect in September. The second item was related to the Group's traditional prudence criteria in terms of provisions, resulting in an additional ¤233M for generic insolvency provisions. This amount is equal to the capital gain recorded from the second phase of the sale and lease-back operation of branches in Spain. In the third quarter of 2009, BBVA made a similar decision and earmarked ¤830M of capital gains recorded during the first phase of its sale and lease-back operation.

Including the additional amount set aside, the Group’s cost of risk in the third quarter was 1.33%, which is lower than the second quarter (1.53%).

During the first nine months of 2010, BBVA obtained net attributable profit of ¤3.67 billion (down 12.2%). Net profit during the third quarter was ¤1.14 billion, which is in line with previous quarters. In terms of profitability, BBVA remains one of the leaders in its peer group. Return on equity (ROE) was 17.2% and return on total assets (ROA) was 0.95%. On October 11th, BBVA paid a second cash dividend of ¤0.09 per share against 2010 earnings.

Organic generation of capital

The strength of the Group’s earnings enabled it to generate an additional 10 basis points of core capital in the third quarter, bringing the ratio to 8.2%. The Tier I ratio stands at 9.2% and the BIS ratio is 12.8%.


BBVA has substantially improved the structure of its balance sheet in recent months by extending average maturities and by increasing the proportion of retail finance. In the third quarter, BBVA generated ¤12.17 billion in retail deposits in Spain. Moreover, BBVA continues to enjoy access to wholesale capital markets, issuing ¤6.52 billion of medium and long term maturities during the quarter (¤16.12 billion in the first nine months). BBVA also holds about ¤75 billion in collateral in Spain.

Business units


Spain & Portugal
continues to outperform despite the complex environment. It gained market share in products closely associated with customer loyalty, such as mortgages resulting from its commercial policies and a long-term vision of the customer relationship. Year-to-date, it obtained net attributable profit of ¤1.69 billion (down 6.2%). The NPA ratio was stable at 5% whereas the latest figures for the banking sector reflect a slight increase.

In Mexico, cumulative net attributable profit increased 13.7% (up 2% at constant exchange rates) to ¤1.25 billion following the recovery of business activity (lending increased 10.4% and customer funds were up 6.7%). The franchise gained market share in primary business segments, mainly mortgages, consumer finance and cards. In the third quarter, the unit achieved continued improvements in the NPA ratio, which declined to 3.4%, and in the coverage ratio (150%).

Business in South America continues to be very brisk. This enabled the unit to increase its market share (up 15 basis points in lending and 48 basis points in deposits) when compared to the end of December 2009. The positive business environment and the control of costs and provisions during the first nine months of 2010 boosted net attributable profit 13.7% to ¤699M. The non-performing asset ratio (2.4%) also improved and fellfrom June levels (2.7%). The coverage ratio also increased during the quarter (139%).

In the United States the area is progressively consolidating its franchise and business model. This is reflected by the addition of new business with year-over-year increases of more than 30% on various items in the loan portfolio (commercial, consumer and residential real estate). The unit’s net interest income grew 8.9% during the first nine months. Coupled with cost controls and lower impairment losses on financial assets, it generated net attributable profit of ¤220M (up 17.9%).

The net attributable profit of Wholesale Banking & Asset Management during the first nine months was ¤730M (up 9.2%). Positive performances were noted by recurrent revenues (net interest income and net fee income) in Corporate & Investment Banking, and by business activity with customers in Global Markets. There were also significant advances in Asia, which now accounts for 20% of the unit.


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